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  • Gameplay Deconstruction: Elements and Layers

    [03.27.07]
    - Paolo Tajč

  •  Conclusion

    GD:EL is a visual method that tries to analyse gameplay through his elements, focusing on dynamics and goals (seen as verbs). It extracts simple gameplay elements and groups them in common sectors, thus helping to understand connections between them.

    It could be surely improved, for example by better clarifying elements interaction between different layers and different sectors, or by showing their relationship with game mechanics and rules. However, this could be quite difficult to achieve, if we want to maintain the goal of an easy to read diagram. Hopefully this method can give the right boost to a difficult but charming area such as gameplay study.

    Paolo Tajè is a Computer Engineering student at Politecnico di Milano, Italy. He is passionate about game design and game studies. He is co-founder of Bloody Monkey, an independent game developer.

    Bibliography

    I. Fulco, Lo zero ludico, in "Per una cultura dei videogames. Teoria e prassi del videogiocatore" a cura di Matteo Bittanti, Ed. Unicopoli, 2002, pp. 57-98.

    K. Salen, E. Zimmerman, Rules of Play : Game Design Fundamentals, 2003, MA: The MIT Press.

    S. Bjork, S. Lundgren, J. Holopainen, Game design patterns, in "Proceedings of Digital Games Research Conference", November 2003, M. Copier and J. Raessens Eds.

    R. Hunicke, M. Leblanc, R. Zubek, MDA: A Formal Approach to Game Design and Game Research, In "Proceedings of the Challenges in Game AIWorkshop, Nineteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence", The AAAI Press, 2004, pp. 1-5.

    S. Bjork, J. Holopainen, Book Excerpt: Patterns in Game Design:Using Design Patterns, 2006 https://www.gamasutra.com/features/20060112/bjork_01.shtml

    D. Cook, What are game mechanics?, 2006
    https://lostgarden.com/2006/10/what-are-game-mechanics.html

    D. Church, Formal Abstract Design Tools, Games Developer Magazine, August 1999.
    https://www.gamasutra.com/features/19990716/design_tools_01.htm

    Diagrams made with https://gliffy.com/

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